Christology (Study of Christ)

Christology is the study of Christ and is based on the New Testament of the Bible. Admittedly, this study can get very deep, as can all the other Christian and theological studies. However, I want to remind you that this study is essential. This is a critically important study which has helped the Church to learn more about Christ while avoiding many heresies. For example, early debates were on how the human and divine are related within the person of Jesus. As of the second century, a number of different and opposing approaches developed among various groups. The Council of Ephesus debated hypostasis (coexisting natures) versus monophysitism (only one nature) versus miaphysitism (two natures united as one) versus Nestorianism (disunion of two natures). Arianism did not endorse divinity, Ebionism argued Jesus was an ordinary mortal, while Gnosticism held docetic views which argued Christ was a spiritual being who only appeared to have a physical body. These and other views led to the Ecumenical Council of Chalcedon in 451, where the "Hypostatic union" was decreed — the proposition that Christ has one human nature and one divine nature, united with neither confusion nor division — making this part of the creed of orthodox Christianity. while this may seem like a minor issue, it is essential that Christianity has clear doctrines to eliminate false teachings and heresies.


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