When we are speaking about the origin or causation of the universe, this is called Cosmology, or the broad study of the cosmos (universe). Cosmogony (Gr. kosmogonia, “creation of the world”) is any model (e.g. the Big Bang theory) concerning the origin of the cosmos/universe or of reality itself. Religious or mythological cosmology is a body of beliefs based on mythological, religious, and esoteric literature and traditions of creation and eschatology. Physical cosmology is the scholarly and scientific study of the origin, evolution, large-scale structures and dynamics, and ultimate fate of the universe, as well as the scientific laws that govern these realities. Religious cosmology (or mythological cosmology) is a body of beliefs based on the historical, mythological, religious, and esoteric literature and traditions of creation and eschatology.
Related to this study is Cosmogony (or cosmogeny), which is any model concerning the origin of either the cosmos or universe. Developing a complete theoretical model has implications in both the philosophy of science and epistemology.
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