The Millennium


Also known as, a Millennium is usually "a period of time equal to one thousand years (1,000) from the Latin phrase mille, thousand, and annus, year. Millenarianism, also known as chiliasm, is “the belief that Christ will return to earth for a thousand-year reign prior to the final consummation (Rev. 20:1–5).”[1] However, in the Bible, the Hebrew understanding for a millenium is symbolic to mean completion/fullness/the whole amount. The number 1000 is made up of 10x10x10, and 10 is the number of fullness.

An example of this is Psalm 50:10, "For every beast of the forest is Mine, the cattle on a thousand hills." A thousand here all of them. Another example is Psalm 90:4, "For a thousand years in Your sight are like yesterday when it passes by, or as a watch in the night." Is God saying a literal thousand years is exactly like a day to Him, or is it really saying that He is outside of time while earthly things are fleeting? There are no references in the Bible to a literal 1,000 years in the Old Testament, nor did Jesus ever teach about it or even mention it. There is nothing in the epistles to indicate that there would be a significant period of a literal 1000 years. We have one short passage in Revelation 20, and people have built up a massive theology around it being a literal 1000 years when there is nothing else in scripture to back it up. The ‘thousand years’ is the whole of this period we are living in. And when everything is fulfilled, Jesus will return.

The millennium is a key in interpreting the "end times" and there are three main views that people use to interpret this: Premillennialism, Amillennialism, and Postmillennialism.


1. Excerpt From: Donald K. McKim. “The Westminster Dictionary of Theological Terms, Second Edition: Revised and Expanded.”


A literal new heaven and new earth (Dr. Jonathan Welton)
Bound For A Thousand Years (Mike Parsons with Jeremy Westcott)
Raptureless (Free book by Dr. Jonathan Welton)

© Todd Tyszka
Permissions: You are permitted and encouraged to reproduce and distribute this material in any format provided that you do not alter the wording in any way, you do not charge a fee beyond the cost of reproduction, you do not make more than 500 physical copies, and you include the following statement on any distributed copy:

From Todd Tyszka. © Todd Tyszka. Website: Email: [email protected]

For web posting, a link to this document on our website is required. Any exceptions to the above must be formally approved by Todd Tyszka.